Present islanders are the third generation of Kioans and currently Fijian citizens. They live a very simple life. There is no hustle and bustle, no hurries and worries. The islanders have a sense of belonging and share each other's joys and sorrows. Even though they lack many things, they are blessed with an enchanting nature ~ the fresh morning breeze, the ripples in the reefs and the dancing coconut trees.
Kioa Island currently has 80 households permanently residing on the island. The people of Kioa are Polynesians originally from the island nation of Tuvalu, a sovereign nation 1,000 kilometers north of Fiji. In 1946 the Government of Fiji granted the leaders of Vaitupu permission to relocate 235 people to Fiji, within a period of 10 years. The 37 early settlers arrived on the shores of Kioa Island on the 26th of October, 1947.
Copra assists the residents to meet educational expenses and other basic necessities. Additional revenue is earned through cultural entertainment for visitors and smaller commodities such as handicrafts, yaqona, voivoi and fishing.
Religion plays an active role in the culture of the Kioans and there are few different denominations represented, including: Catholic, Assemblies of God, Jehovah's Witnesses, Rabbinic Orthodox and the Protestant religion of "Tuvalu Congregation".
The Kioa Island Council consists of 13 members elected every 3 years by the community to oversee the sustainment of traditions and culture, to ensure the wellbeing and welfare of the people, and to administer the daily operation of the island. The Pule, leaders, are nominated by the community and meetings are presided by the Council and attended by the 3 Chiefs (Tuaa, Lotoa, and Kilitai) at the Falekaupule, community hall where decisions are reached by consensus.
In the relatively short time period the islanders have inhabited the island they have accomplished a great deal including building a large church, community hall, office complex, power grid, water system, several coconut dryers, and developing numerable large farms owned by both the community and individuals. The council operates six small businesses that support island development and ongoing operations. Some more recent accomplishments are a 100% passing rate of the Fiji Intermediate and Fiji 8th Year Exam from 1997 to 2007, adding a classroom and new finishes to the the school compound, and winning the Buca Bay FTAE Division Rugby Finals 2007.